Diffusion of Radioactive Materials in the Atmosphere
Abdul-Wali Ajlouni, Manal Abdelsalam, Hussam Al-Rabai’ah and Abdullah M.S. Ajlouni
DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2009.53.57
American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1
Problem statement: The dispersion of radioactive materials in the environment related to escaping of noble gases, halogens and aerosols of non-volatile radioactive materials, from the reactor containment during normal operations, or in the event of a sever reactor accident. Approach: radionuclide dispersion in the environment is demonstrated by mathematical tools which are the partial differential equations, mainly the diffusion equation. A mathematical model to calculate the concentration of nuclear pollutants (radioactivity) with certain boundary conditions is constructed. Results: Solving the mathematical model and using some approximations lead to a distribution represents a model for plume of radioactive pollutants dispersed in two dimensions normal to the wind direction in which the plume moves as an entire non-dispersible unit. Conclusion: The obtained result theoretically are very close to those achieved experimentally.
Cite this Article
Ajlouni, A., M. Abdelsalam, H. Al-Rabai'ah and A.M.S. Ajlouni, 2009. Diffusion of Radioactive Materials in the Atmosphere. Am. J. Environ. Sci., 5: 53-57.