Carving Secret Messages out of Public Information
- 1 Queen’s University, Canada
Copyright: © 2020 Naya Nagy, Marius Nagy and Selim G. Akl. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study shows that secret information can be shared or passed from a sender to a receiver even if not encoded in a secret message. In the protocol designed in this study, no parts of the original secret information ever travel via communication channels between the source and the destination, no encoding/decoding key is ever used. The two communicating partners, Alice and Bob, are endowed with coherent qubits that can be read and set and keep their quantum values over time. Additionally, there exists a central authority that is capable of identifying Alice and Bob to share with each half of entangled qubit pairs. The central authority also performs entanglement swapping. Our protocol relies on the assumption that public information can be protected, an assumption present in all cryptographic protocols. Also any classical communication channel need not be authenticated. As each piece of secret information has a distinct public encoding, the protocol is equivalent to a one-time pad protocol.
- Quantum Key Distribution
- Quantum Cryptography
- Intruder Detection