Prevalence, Types and Risk Factors for Malnutrition in Displaced Sudanese Children
Nuha Mamoun, Susan Homedia, Mustafa Mabyou, Hussan M. Ahmed Muntasir, T. Salah and Ishag Adam
DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2005.84.86
American Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 1, Issue 2
The nutritional status of 327 under-five children living in Mayoo displacement camp, Khartoum, Sudan, was assessed during May- August 2004. Risk factors for protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) were also studied. According to WHO criteria, a total of 186 (56.1%) children had malnutrition, of these 101(30.1%), 43 (13.1%) and 42 (12.8%) were mildly, moderately and severely malnourished respectively. According to Welcome classification, the commonest type of malnutrition was found to be underweight (38.2%), marasmus, kwashiorkor were detected in (6.4%) and (0.9%) respectively, there was no case of marasmic kwashiorkor in the studied population. Prevalence of vitamin “A” was 9.2% of which 0.9% had night blindness. Age, sex, lack of immunization, lack of breast -feeding, history of fever and history of diarrhoea were tested and were not found be risk factors for malnutrition in this group of children.
© 2005 Nuha Mamoun, Susan Homedia, Mustafa Mabyou, Hussan M. Ahmed Muntasir, T. Salah and Ishag Adam. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.