Research Article Open Access

Ordinal Logistic Regression Model: An Application to Pregnancy Outcomes

K. A. Adeleke1 and A. A. Adepoju1
  • 1 ,
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics
Volume 6 No. 3, 2010, 279-285

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jmssp.2010.279.285

Submitted On: 6 August 2010 Published On: 30 September 2010

How to Cite: Adeleke, K. A. & Adepoju, A. A. (2010). Ordinal Logistic Regression Model: An Application to Pregnancy Outcomes. Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 6(3), 279-285. https://doi.org/10.3844/jmssp.2010.279.285

Abstract

Problem statement: This research aimed at modeling a categorical response i.e., pregnancy outcome in terms of some predictors, determines the goodness of fit as well as validity of the assumptions and selecting an appropriate and more parsimonious model thereby proffered useful suggestions and recommendations. Approach: An ordinal logistic regression model was used as a tool to model the three major factors viz., environmental (previous cesareans, service availability), behavioral (antenatal care, diseases) and demographic (maternal age, marital status and weight) that affected the outcomes of pregnancies (livebirth, stillbirth and abortion). Results: The fit, of the model was illustrated with data obtained from records of 100 patients at Ijebu-Ode, State Hospital in Nigeria. The tested model showed good fit and performed differently depending on categorization of outcome, adequacy in relation to assumptions, goodness of fit and parsimony. We however see that weight and diseases increase the likelihood of favoring a higher category i.e., (livebirth), while medical service availability, marital status age, antenatal and previous cesareans reduce the likelihood/chance of having stillbirth. Conclusion/Recommendations: The odds of being in either of these categories i.e., livebirth or stillbirth showed that women with baby’s weight less than 2.5 kg are 18.4 times more likely to have had a livebirth than are women with history of babies ≥2.5 kg. Age (older age and middle aged) women are one halve (1.5) more likely to occur than lower aged women, likewise is antenatal, (high parity and low parity) are more likely to occur 1.5 times than nullipara.

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Keywords

  • Ordinal logistics
  • regression model
  • pregnancy outcome
  • categorical data
  • proportional odds