Research Article Open Access

Pattern Classification: An Improvement Using Combination of VQ and PCA Based Techniques

Alok Sharma, Kuldip K. Paliwal and Godfrey C. Onwubolu


This study firstly presents a survey on basic classifiers namely Minimum Distance Classifier (MDC), Vector Quantization (VQ), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Nearest Neighbor (NN) and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN). Then Vector Quantized Principal Component Analysis (VQPCA) which is generally used for representation purposes is considered for performing classification tasks. Some classifiers achieve high classification accuracy but their data storage requirement and processing time are severely expensive. On the other hand some methods for which storage and processing time are economical do not provide sufficient levels of classification accuracy. In both the cases the performance is poor. By considering the limitations involved in the classifiers we have developed Linear Combined Distance (LCD) classifier which is the combination of VQ and VQPCA techniques. The proposed technique is effective and outperforms all the other techniques in terms of getting high classification accuracy at very low data storage requirement and processing time. This would allow an object to be accurately classified as quickly as possible using very low data storage capacity.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 2 No. 10, 2005, 1445-1455


Submitted On: 3 November 2005 Published On: 31 October 2005

How to Cite: Sharma, A., Paliwal, K. K. & Onwubolu, G. C. (2005). Pattern Classification: An Improvement Using Combination of VQ and PCA Based Techniques. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(10), 1445-1455.

  • 3 Citations



  • Classification accuracy
  • LCD
  • total parameter requirement
  • processing time