Research Article Open Access

An Application of Finite Element Modelling to Pneumatic Artificial Muscle

R. Ramasamy, M. R. Juhari, M. R. Mamat, S. Yaacob, N. F. Mohd Nasir and M. Sugisaka


The purpose of this article was to introduce and to give an overview of the Pneumatic Artificial Muscles (PAMs) as a whole and to discuss its numerical modelling, using the Finite Element (FE) Method. Thus, more information to understand on its behaviour in generating force for actuation was obtained. The construction of PAMs was mainly consists of flexible, inflatable membranes which having orthotropic material behaviour. The main properties influencing the PAMs will be explained in terms of their load-carrying capacity and low weight in assembly. Discussion on their designs and capacity to function as locomotion device in robotics applications will be laid out, followed by FE modelling to represent PAMs overall structural behaviour under any potential operational conditions.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 2 No. 11, 2005, 1504-1508


Submitted On: 23 November 2005 Published On: 30 November 2005

How to Cite: Ramasamy, R., Juhari, M. R., Mamat, M. R., Yaacob, S., Mohd Nasir, N. F. & Sugisaka, M. (2005). An Application of Finite Element Modelling to Pneumatic Artificial Muscle. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(11), 1504-1508.

  • 17 Citations



  • Artificial muscle
  • braided pneumatic muscle
  • fluid actuators
  • finite element analysis (FEA)