Research Article Open Access

Evaluation of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions During Engine Warm-up

M. Al-Hasan


Engine exhaust emission and fuel consumption during warm-up period was experimentally investigated. Experiment was conducted on a four-stroke four-cylinder spark ignition engine alternatively equipped with CIS and EIS. Fuel consumption; and exhaust emissions included hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide were measured as a function of ambient temperature; i.e. 7, 25 and 40ºC. In order to simulate engine operation condition during warm - up period under various ambient temperatures axillaries cooling water and cooling air systems were designed and coupled to the engine being tested. Results show that as the ambient temperature increases the concentration of both hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide and fuel consumption decreases while the carbon dioxide increases. Also, the time required for the engine to fully warm-up is shortened. Moreover, operating the engine when equipped with EIS has a greater effect on HC, CO and fuel consumption reduction compared to when equipped with CIS at the same operation conditions.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 4 No. 3, 2007, 106-111


Submitted On: 22 September 2006 Published On: 31 March 2007

How to Cite: Al-Hasan, M. (2007). Evaluation of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions During Engine Warm-up. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(3), 106-111.

  • 8 Citations



  • Engine warm-up period
  • exhaust emission
  • fuel consumption
  • ignition systems
  • engine simulation