Emissivity of Triangular Surfaces Determined by Differential Method: From Homogenization to Validity Limit of Geometrical Optics
Geometric optics approximation for emissivity from triangular surfaces was compared with exact scattering predictions from electromagnetic theory. Rigorous electromagnetic scattering theory was numerically formulated based on the differential method. We have used a numerical simulation of the emissivity of gold and tungsten for a wavelength equal 0.55 micron to explore the validity of the geometric optics. Surface parameter domains for the regions of accuracy of the geometric optics approximation are quantified and presented as functions of surface slope and roughness. Influence on the validity of the approximate method of multiple scattering, the shadowing effect and the cavity effect of metallic surface have been investigated. For the latter, our interest was focused on the mechanism that enhances the emissivity of an interface when ruling a grating. It has been seen that the mechanism responsible for the enhancement of the emissivity depends very much on the period of the grating. For gratings with a period much smaller than the wavelength, the roughness essentially behaves as a transition layer with a gradient of the optical index. For different period / wavelength ratio, we have found a good agreement between the differential method and the homogenization regime when the period was smaller than.
Copyright: © 2007 Taoufik Ghabara, Faouzi Ghmari and M. S. Sifaoui. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Periodic roughness
- differential method
- geometric optics approximation
- homogenization regime