Research Article Open Access

The Fate of Non-Volatile Organic Chemicals in The Agricultural Environment

Mohammad A. Batiha, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Zahedi Fisal, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Wan R.W. Daud, Mohd S. Takriff and Marwan M. Batiha


Multimedia dynamic model of the fate of non-volatile organic chemicals (NVOC) in the agricultural environment is described. The modeled environment, consisting of up to three major surfaces environmental compartments, includes air, agricultural soil, and surface water. This model is based on the aquivalence approach suggested by Mackay and co-workers in 1989. As the movement of chemicals in the environment is closely associated with the movement of air, water and organic matter, the complete steady state mass budgets for air, water and particulate organic carbon (POC) between the model compartments are described. All of the model equations, which are expressed in aquivalence notation, the mass balance for NVOC in the environmental surfaces compartments at dynamic state, and equations for the calculation of partitioning, overall persistence, total amount, total concentrations at dynamic state and intermedia fluxes of organic chemicals between air, water, and soil at steady-state are provided.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 4 No. 7, 2007, 456-464


Submitted On: 26 January 2007 Published On: 31 July 2007

How to Cite: Batiha, M. A., Kadhum, A. A. H., Fisal, Z., Mohamad, A. B., Daud, W. R., Takriff, M. S. & Batiha, M. M. (2007). The Fate of Non-Volatile Organic Chemicals in The Agricultural Environment. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(7), 456-464.

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  • Non-volatile organic chemicals
  • Aquivalence
  • Multimedia model
  • Dynamic
  • Partitioning