Research Article Open Access

Synthesis of Mesoporous Titania with Surfactant and its Characterization

T. Benkacem and N. Agoudjil


A mesoporous titania was obtained by gelation from Ti-alkoxide in acidic solutions with addition of surfactant cetyltrimetylammonium bromide (CH3(CH2)15N(CH3)3Br) using a sol-gel process. The effects of surfactant concentration on synthesis of mesoporous titania were studied. The structural characterisation was studied by differential thermal analysis, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction. Studies by X-ray diffraction showed that crystallisation of TiO2 powder occurs at 200°C, above 200°C we obtained a mixture of two forms-Anatase and rutile. The textural characterisation by nitrogen adsorption-desorption allowed us to observe the variation of the surface area, porous volume and pore diameters according to temperature and [CTAB]/[Ti-alkoxide] molar ratio. The analysis of the results shows that addition of surfactant residue increases considerably its pore diameters. The deposit thin layers has been realized with a sol prepared with the destabilization of colloidal solutions process. Scanning electron-spectroscopy observation for thermally treated (at 400 and 600°C) samples, showed homogeneous layers without cracking.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 5 No. 11, 2008, 1437-1441


Submitted On: 30 March 2007 Published On: 30 November 2008

How to Cite: Benkacem, T. & Agoudjil, N. (2008). Synthesis of Mesoporous Titania with Surfactant and its Characterization. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(11), 1437-1441.

  • 11 Citations



  • mesoporous
  • surfactant
  • sol-gel
  • membrane
  • inorganic