Research Article Open Access

Waste Characterization in Steel Casting and Recycling Opportunities in Europe

Silvia Fiore, Maria Chiara Zanetti and Barbara Ruffino


The wastes coming from a steel foundry located in Italy, producing about 600,000 t/y of steel slabs, are considered in this work. The plant produces about 143,000 t/y of wastes, made of furnace and ladle slags (84%), pelletized dust (8%) and oxidised shaving (8%). The waste materials have been characterised by means of particle-size and chemical analyses, and some reuse/recycle possibilities are considered. The recycle as inert material of the slags was evaluated by means of several leaching tests according to the Italian (UNI10802 test, equivalent to EN 12457/2 test), French (AFNOR X31-210 test), Danish and European Community (EN 12457/4 test) regulations. The requirements of the above mentioned regulations were compared and discussed. The possibility of landfilling the materials as inert or not dangerous wastes according to Italian Law (DM 3/8/2005) and European Community regulation (Decision of European Community Council N°2003/33) was also considered.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 5 No. 5, 2008, 512-518


Submitted On: 7 July 2007 Published On: 31 May 2008

How to Cite: Fiore, S., Zanetti, M. C. & Ruffino, B. (2008). Waste Characterization in Steel Casting and Recycling Opportunities in Europe. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(5), 512-518.

  • 3 Citations



  • foundry waste recycling
  • steel casting
  • leaching test
  • waste characterization