Research Article Open Access

Analysis of the Effect of Pile Skin Resistance Verses Pile Diameter Based on Experimental Research

S. M. Marandi1 and M.A. Karimzadeh2
  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering, Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
  • 2 Civil Engineer Senior Expert, Shiraz, Iran


In spite of the many recent advances in pile design and execution methods, the quantitative effects of grouted pile skin resistance and form on subsequent pile behavior remains an area for research. There are many parameters involved in the analysis of the bearing capacity of piles and descriptive method theory of the loading effect for each parameter is very complex. Many of these parameters are interrelated and investigation of the relationships leads to complex equations, which cannot be easily solved. The only reliable solution is to study the influence of each parameter by experimental model tests in equipped laboratories. This research presents the results of static compression tests on two model groups of pipe and grouted pile shafts (35mm, 50mm and 60 mm in diameters and 900 mm in length) installed into beds of Yazd siliceous sand (located in southeast Iran). The findings of the experimental research were to the average ultimate loads at failure for grouted piles were approximately 12% higher than for the pipe piles. The pile skin resistance is an effective factor on pile bearing capacity, the load transfer response appears to be more plastic with increasing pile diameter in siliceous sand and the skin resistance of the pile was not linearly proportional to the pile diameter and varied with increase in pile diameter.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 1, 2009, 114-123


Submitted On: 8 September 2007 Published On: 31 January 2009

How to Cite: Marandi, S. M. & Karimzadeh, M. (2009). Analysis of the Effect of Pile Skin Resistance Verses Pile Diameter Based on Experimental Research . American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(1), 114-123.

  • 3 Citations



  • Sand
  • laboratory model
  • grouting pile
  • skin resistance