Research Article Open Access

Exponential-Hyperbolic Model for Actual Operating Conditions of Three Phase Arc Furnaces

Mahdi Banejad, Rahmat-Allah Hooshmand and Mahdi Torabian Esfahani


Problem statement: The Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) is a non-linear load and creates power quality related problem. Therefore, accurate modeling of the EAF is essential. Approach: In this study, an optimal model for EAF in time domain called exponential-hyperbolic, was proposed to describe the behavior of the EAF for all of the operating conditions and it does not need the initial conditions as they needed for the existing methods of modeling of the EAF. Then, the behavior of the proposed model of EAF on the power system was studied using the PSCAD software. In order to analyze the proposed method, several characteristics for different operating conditions were investigated. Results: In the simulation, the parameters were taken from the EAF of the Mobarakeh Steel Making Company (Isfahan-Iran). The results of the simulation accurately showed the behavior of the EAF of the company. Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that the proposed exponential-hyperbolic model was capable in modeling of EAF for different operating conditions.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 8, 2009, 1539-1547


Submitted On: 30 April 2008 Published On: 31 August 2009

How to Cite: Banejad, M., Hooshmand, R. & Esfahani, M. T. (2009). Exponential-Hyperbolic Model for Actual Operating Conditions of Three Phase Arc Furnaces. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(8), 1539-1547.

  • 14 Citations



  • Electric arc furnace
  • furnace modeling
  • unbalanced voltage
  • unbalanced current
  • flicker