Research Article Open Access

How Does The Bone Shaft Geometry Affect its Bending Properties?

Kaveh PourAkbar Saffar, Nima JamilPour and Seyed Mohammad Rajaai


In this research, ten fresh specimens of sheep tibiae were provided from slaughtered animals. Whole bone specimens were loaded in three-point bending according to standard wet bone test protocols. Mechanical properties were determined and compared with the results which were obtained from two dry bone tests. The results showed that fracture bending moment and bone extrinsic stiffness had significant relations with fracture cross-section dependent parameters (i.e., cross-section area and area moment of inertia). Where, fracture energy and ultimate strength did not have such a relation with these parameters. Finite element modeling of bone shaft was made with simplified geometry (neglecting cross-section variations along bone shaft) in two steps: First, by elliptical cross-section and second, by circular cross-section, assuming linear elastic and isotropic properties for the specimens. Elastic (Young’s) modulus and fracture load, evaluated from curves obtained from tests, were applied to the finite element model and close results of maximum stress in both test specimen and first (elliptical cross-section) model showed up. There was an average difference of about 2% between ultimate strength of wet bone specimens and maximum (tensile) stress occurred in the elliptical models. However, this value for circular models was about 16%.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 3, 2009, 463-470


Submitted On: 28 April 2008 Published On: 31 March 2009

How to Cite: Saffar, K. P., JamilPour, N. & Rajaai, S. M. (2009). How Does The Bone Shaft Geometry Affect its Bending Properties?. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(3), 463-470.

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  • Bone mechanical properties
  • bone geometry
  • three-point bending
  • finite element modeling