Research Article Open Access

Neural Networks Based Time-Delay Estimation using DCT Coefficients

Samir J. Shaltaf and Ahmad A. Mohammad

Abstract

This study dealt with the problem of estimating constant time delay embedded into a received signal that was noisy, delayed and damped image of a known reference signal. The received signal was filtered, normalized with respect to the peak value it achieved and then transformed by the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) into DCT coefficients. Those DCT coefficients that were most sensitive to time delay variations were selected and grouped to form the Reduced Discrete Cosine Transform Coefficients set (RDCTC). The time delays embedded in the filtered signals were efficiently encoded into those RDCTC sets. The RDCTC sets were applied to a pre trained multi layer feedforward Neural Network (NN), which computed the time-delay estimates. The network was initially trained with large sets of RDCTC vectors, in which each RDCTC vector corresponded to a signal delayed by a randomly selected constant time-delay. Using the RDCTC as input to the NN instead of the full length incoming signal itself resulted in a major reduction in the NN size. Accurate time delay estimates were obtained through simulation and compared against estimates obtained through classical cross-correlation technique.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 4, 2009, 703-708

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.703.708

Submitted On: 17 May 2008 Published On: 30 April 2009

How to Cite: Shaltaf, S. J. & Mohammad, A. A. (2009). Neural Networks Based Time-Delay Estimation using DCT Coefficients. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(4), 703-708. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2009.703.708

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Keywords

  • Neural networks
  • time-delay estimation
  • discrete cosine transform