Research Article Open Access

Anchor Plates in Two-Layered Cohesion Less Soils

Hamed Niroumand1, Khairul Anuar Kassim1 and Ramli Nazir1
  • 1 Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia


Problem statement: During the past few years a great number of experimental model and numerical analysis results on the uplift resistance of anchor plate embedded in homogeneous cohesion less soil has been reported by many researchers. A review of related literature shows that not much research has been done to analyze the performance of anchor plates in layered soils a problem, which is often encountered by the professional engineers in the field. Approach: This study presented the performance of the anchor plates in the cohesion less soil by different researchers. It was based on different previous researches, from the earliest till the most recent ones. The main aim of this research was focused on the prediction of the anchor plate’s behavior and the force in the layered cohesion less soils. Few laboratory studies were conducted to investigate the uplift capacity behavior of cohesion less soil by previous researchers. Results: The experimental and numerical investigation included uplift test on cohesion less soil by last researchers. The embedment ratio and the effect of density on uplift response were evaluated. This analysis was investigated experimentally and numerically behavior of anchor plates buried in two layered cohesion less soil. Although earlier researchers developed experimentally expressions to estimate the uplift capacity of irregular anchor plates in layered cohesion less soils. Conclusion: The study observed that the ultimate uplift capacity is dependent on the relative strength of the two layers, the depth ratio of embedment and the upper layer thickness ratio.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 10, 2010, 1396-1399


Submitted On: 12 September 2010 Published On: 31 October 2010

How to Cite: Niroumand, H., Kassim, K. A. & Nazir, R. (2010). Anchor Plates in Two-Layered Cohesion Less Soils. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(10), 1396-1399.

  • 2 Citations



  • Anchor plates
  • cohesion less soils
  • layered
  • break-out
  • ultimate pull-out capacity
  • uplift