Research Article Open Access

A New Development in Biological Process for Wastewater Treatment to Produce Renewable Fuel

Kadhum M. Shabeeb1, Khalid A. Sukkar2, Rana A. Azeez2, Najat J. Salah2, Mummtas A. Yousif2, Niran Manoual2 and Abyer Samir2
  • 1 Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq


Problem statement: Hydrogen is a clean energy source. Bio-conversion of biomass to generate hydrogen has been achieved using anaerobic fermentation of some well-defined materials, in wastewater. No data available on hydrogen yielded from wastewater using inoculum extracted from Iraqi municipal wastewater treatment plant. Approach: This study investigated the effects of substrate concentration, initial pH and process temperature on biohydrogen production from surgery wastewater using anaerobic batch reactor. Batch tests are carried out in a 2.0 L batch reactor under different temperatures of 34, 36, 38and 40°C, various initial pH of 4.5, 5.5 and 6.5 and substrate concentrations of 5, 10 and 15%. The raw seed was compost sludge obtained from municipal wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad (Al-Restomia plant). The volume of evolved gas was measured at room temperature by the water displacement method. Results: The maximum hydrogen production 160 mL L-1 is obtained at an optimum temperature of 38 °C, optimum pH of 5.5 and substrate concentration 15%. Conclusion: The results indicated that the use of compost of Al-Restomia plant as a seed in anaerobic fermentation process has given excellent biogas production under applied conditions.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 10, 2010, 1400-1405


Submitted On: 25 May 2010 Published On: 31 October 2010

How to Cite: Shabeeb, K. M., Sukkar, K. A., Azeez, R. A., Salah, N. J., Yousif, M. A., Manoual, N. & Samir, A. (2010). A New Development in Biological Process for Wastewater Treatment to Produce Renewable Fuel. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(10), 1400-1405.

  • 7 Citations



  • Biological wastewater treatment
  • anaerobic fermentation
  • compost
  • biogas