Research Article Open Access

A Study of Parameters Relationship to Backcutting Phenomena During High Speed End Milling of AISI H13

Erry Yulian T. Adesta1, Afifah Mohd Ali1, Delvis Agusman2, Muhammad Riza1 and Mohammad Yuhan Suprianto1
  • 1 Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Gombak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta, Malaysia


Problem statement: In die and mold industries, surface roughness of the dies and molds produced will determine the end product quality. Therefore, the desired finish surface was specified and the appropriate processes were selected to reach the required quality. Among many contributors to surface quality problem, backcutting is one of the factors influencing the surface roughness. Approach: The aim for current research was to study the backcutting phenomena and their effect to the surface roughness of work material, AISI H13 with hardness of 48 HRC during high speed end milling. Machining performed on the Vertical Milling Centre (VMC) high cutting speed from 150-250 m min-1, feed rate 0.05-0.15 mm tooth-1 and depth of cut 0.1-0.5 mm. The analysis and observation of the backcutting phenomena are done by using optical surface roughness machine. Results: The result shown that the pattern of surface roughness was not sufficient enough to compare between the surface with backcutting and without backcutting and the backcutting phenomena were seen mostly in combination of medium to high cutting speed and medium to high feedrate. Conclusion/Recommendations: Further research is needed with incrimination of experiments and adjustments of parameters.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 10, 2010, 1420-1425


Submitted On: 28 September 2010 Published On: 31 October 2010

How to Cite: Adesta, E. Y. T., Ali, A. M., Agusman, D., Riza, M. & Suprianto, M. Y. (2010). A Study of Parameters Relationship to Backcutting Phenomena During High Speed End Milling of AISI H13. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(10), 1420-1425.

  • 2 Citations



  • Backcutting phenomena
  • arithmetic average
  • surface profile
  • VMC
  • surface roughness
  • optical surface
  • AISI H13