Research Article Open Access

Evaluation of Lead, Cadmium and Copper Concentrations in Bee Honey and Edible Molasses

Ahmed Hassan, Mahmoud A.A. Ghandour, Azza M.M. Ali and Hazim. A. Mahran


Problem statement: Content of Cadmium, lead and copper in 26 bee honey samples from different places of Assiut governorate (south of Egypt) and three different botanical origins (Clover, Multi-flower and Citrus) in addition to four edible molasses samples from Egypt market were evaluated by Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (DPASV) in Briton-Robinson buffer solution at pH ~ 2.1, as well as atomic absorption spectrometry after wet digestion. Approach: The optimal deposition potentials and times for the detection of these metal ions in all sample solutions have been studied. Results: The concentration of each metal ion was determined by the standard addition method. The statistical parameters i.e., slope, standard deviation, correlation coefficient and confidence have been calculated. Conclusion/Recommendations: The results obtained using stripping voltammetry indicate that the average concentration of Cu ions ranged from 0.085-0.987 μg g−1. In addition, the average concentrations of Cd and Pb ions ranged 0.001-0.077 and 0.006-1.640 μg g−1; respectively. On the other hand, the average concentrations obtained using atomic absorption spectrometry of the same element mentioned above ranged from 0.077-0.991 μg g−1 for Cu; 0.001-0.087 μg g−1 for Cd and 0.007-1.650 μg g−1 for Pb.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 3, 2010, 315-322


Submitted On: 5 January 2010 Published On: 31 March 2010

How to Cite: Hassan, A., Ghandour, M. A., Ali, A. M. & Mahran, H. A. (2010). Evaluation of Lead, Cadmium and Copper Concentrations in Bee Honey and Edible Molasses. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(3), 315-322.

  • 10 Citations



  • Stripping voltammetry
  • honey
  • molasses
  • biological indicator