Research Article Open Access

Sustainability of International Standards Organisation 14001 Standards through Integration with Lean Principles

Puvanasvaran A.L.A. Perumal1, Robert Kerk Swee Tian1 and Mohd Razali Muhamad1
  • 1 Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, University Technical, Karung Berkunci 1200, Ayer Keroh, 75450, Melaka, Malaysia


Problem statement: Both Lean and Environmental Management System (EMS) are key business processes which are employed by companies to enhance their manufacturing process and quality performance. ISO 14001 requires a commitment to continual improvement. Yet it does not prescribe how a company should seek the continual improvement. Lean is a process improvement method that helps companies that use it to continually improve. This study analyses these two systems and provides an understanding of how these processes had contributed in improving business efficiencies. Approach: The research methodology applied in the context of this study involved both primary and secondary research methods in gaining a deeper and practical insight into the issues facing Lean and EMS integration. The primary data collection process involved the use of questionnaires for the purpose of gaining a practical insight into the research issue. The literature review summarized the evidence collected from various secondary sources to enable an understanding of the scope, benefits and application of Lean and EMS systems. Results: The findings contributed to the framing of new conceptual framework that combines benefits of both Lean and EMS principles for enhanced business results. Conclusion: This study concluded that an integrated business model can help organisations realize potential benefits and possibilities in the field of business enhancement.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 11, 2011, 1182-1194


Submitted On: 29 January 2011 Published On: 8 October 2011

How to Cite: Perumal, P. A., Tian, R. K. S. & Muhamad, M. R. (2011). Sustainability of International Standards Organisation 14001 Standards through Integration with Lean Principles. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(11), 1182-1194.

  • 3 Citations



  • International Standards Organisation (ISO) 14001
  • lean principles
  • sustainability
  • integrating model
  • EMS principles
  • production costs
  • environment-friendly production method
  • business efficiency
  • business models