Research Article Open Access

Fluctuations of Phytoplankton Community in the Coastal Waters of Caspian Sea in 2006

Siamak Bagheri1, Mashhor Mansor1, Marzieh Makaremi2, Jalil Sabkara3, W.O. Wan Maznah4, Alireza Mirzajani2, Seyed Hojat Khodaparast2, Hossein Negarestan2, Azemat Ghandi2 and Akbar Khalilpour4
  • 1 Plankton Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
  • 2 Inland Waters Aquaculture Institute, Iranian Fisheries Research Organistion (IFRO), 66 Anzali, Iran
  • 3 Inland Waters Aquaculture Institute, Iranian Fisheries Research Organistion (IFRO), 66 Anzali, Iraq
  • 4 Plankton Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Iran

Abstract

Problem statement: The Caspian Sea ecosystem has been suffered with many problems since 1980s. Aanthropogenic pollution from heavy metals, hydrocarbons, pesticides, changes in the quantity of nutrient inputs by rivers, are significant threats to biodiversity and biological resources such as plankton structure in the Caspian Sea. According to the significant of phytoplankton community in marine system. The state of the fluctuations of phytoplankton communities of the southwestern Caspian Sea was investigated and compared with the findings of before 2006. Approach: Phytoplankton abundance and species composition of the Caspian Sea were evaluated by using samples collected at 12 stations along three transects. Samplings were conducted seasonal in 2006 at 5, 10, 20 and 50 m depth were fixed for each transect in the southwestern Caspian Sea. Results: A total of 39 species phytoplankton species were distinguished during 2006, the annual phytoplankton abundance were calculated as 57, 300±15,550 cells.l-1, which ranged from 89, 250±35, 062 cells.l-1 in September to 16, 200±6,664 cells.l-1 in February. The diatoms formed more than half of the total abundance (61%) while cyanophytes were the second important group in view of contribution to total phytoplankton (26%) in 2006. The study showed that diatoms Thalassionema nitzschioides, Cyclotella meneghiniana and cyanophyte Osillatoria sp. numerically dominated in this area. Conclusion: The study revealed that diatoms were higher than other groups of phytoplankton in 2006. The hydrology variation, increased fresh water inflow via rivers and a rise in nutrients concentrations have played important roles in blooming of phytoplankton species, e.g., the diatoms in this study, which is also known from other marines. Similar studies on determination of the effects of environmental degradation on phytoplankton and hydrological processes should be taken into account in near future.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 12, 2011, 1328-1336

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.1328.1336

Submitted On: 1 April 2011 Published On: 20 October 2011

How to Cite: Bagheri, S., Mansor, M., Makaremi, M., Sabkara, J., Maznah, W. W., Mirzajani, A., Khodaparast, S. H., Negarestan, H., Ghandi, A. & Khalilpour, A. (2011). Fluctuations of Phytoplankton Community in the Coastal Waters of Caspian Sea in 2006. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(12), 1328-1336. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2011.1328.1336

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Keywords

  • Abundance
  • cyanophytes
  • diatoms
  • phytoplankton
  • nutrient
  • caspian sea