Research Article Open Access

A Review of Static Tests and Recent Studies

Srilert Chotpantarat1
  • 1 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand


Problem statement: Acid mine drainage from waste rocks, tailings and other mine components, is one of the most important environmental concerns at mining sites. To attempt to determine the balance between the acid and neutralization potentials of the material and evaluate the possible acid-forming potential of mine waste, many static prediction tests have been developed to evaluate the acid-forming potentials of samples in recent years. Approach: This study attempts to highlight and summarize their essential issues and collates the mining projects that have used such static tests. Results: The advantages and disadvantages of each technique are compared to formulate and present guidelines for the appropriate selection and application of these tests. According to many studies, although several test methods have been modified in recent years, the ABA, NAG and paste pH methods are the most commonly static tests reported for initially indicating the acid-generating and neutralizing potential of samples. Conclusion/Recommendations: To provide confident acidforming predictions and consequently, the best waste management plans, at least several different techniques needs to be applied together in order to classify the acid generating potential of a sample more reliably.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 4, 2011, 400-406


Submitted On: 21 February 2011 Published On: 19 April 2011

How to Cite: Chotpantarat, S. (2011). A Review of Static Tests and Recent Studies. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(4), 400-406.

  • 43 Citations



  • Acid-forming potential
  • neutralization potential
  • acid mine drainage
  • mining areas
  • Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)
  • sulfide minerals
  • Modified Acid Base Accounting (MABA)
  • Acid Buffering Characteristics Curve (ABCC)
  • acid-forming potentials
  • acid generation