Research Article Open Access

Single Core Hardware Module to Implement Partial Encryption of Compressed Image

Mamun Bin Ibne Reaz1, Md. Syedul Amin1, Fazida Hanim Hashim1 and Khandaker Asaduzzaman2
  • 1 Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 2 Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Oliphant Building 60, Mills Road, Canberra 0200, Malaysia


Problem statement: Real-time secure image and video communication is challenging due to the processing time and computational requirement for encryption and decryption. In order to cope with these concerns, innovative image compression and encryption techniques are required. Approach: In this research, we have introduced partial encryption technique on compressed images and implemented the algorithm on Altera FLEX10K FPGA device that allows for efficient hardware implementation. The compression algorithm decomposes images into several different parts. We have used a secured encryption algorithm to encrypt only the crucial parts, which are considerably smaller than the original image, which result in significant reduction in processing time and computational requirement for encryption and decryption. The breadth-first traversal linear lossless quadtree decomposition method is used for the partial compression and RSA is used for the encryption. Results: Functional simulations were commenced to verify the functionality of the individual modules and the system on four different images. We have validated the advantage of the proposed approach through comparison, verification and analysis. The design has utilized 2928 units of LC with a system frequency of 13.42MHz. Conclusion: In this research, the FPGA prototyping of a partial encryption of compressed images using lossless quadtree compression and RSA encryption has been successfully implemented with minimum logic cells. It is found that the compression process is faster than the decompression process in linear quadtree approach. Moreover, the RSA simulations show that the encryption process is faster than the decryption process for all four images tested.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 6, 2011, 566-573


Submitted On: 3 May 2011 Published On: 13 June 2011

How to Cite: Reaz, M. B. I., Amin, M. S., Hashim, F. H. & Asaduzzaman, K. (2011). Single Core Hardware Module to Implement Partial Encryption of Compressed Image. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(6), 566-573.

  • 0 Citations



  • Real-time secure image
  • Data Encryption Standard (DES)
  • encryption algorithm
  • Field- Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA)
  • video communication
  • encryption techniques
  • partial encryption
  • quadtree compression