Research Article Open Access

Simplified Procedure for Unsaturated Flow Parameters

Natthawit Jitrapinate1, Vichai Sriboonlue2, Kriengsak Srisuk3 and Dolrerdee Hormdee1
  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Muang District, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • 2 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thailand
  • 3 Groundwater Research Center, Faculty of Technology, Thailand


Problem statement: The unsaturated hydraulic conductivity K(θ) and Soil Water Characteristic Curve (SWCC) for saline soil or soil directly contacted with saline water are not permitted using several apparatus to determining. Approach: A simplified method to determine K(θ) and SWCC by using simple apparatus is presented. Using the proposed numerical model with the van Genuchten equations and inverse calculation for K (θ) and SWCC to produce the best fit of this model calculation to the experimental cumulative capillary flow in dry soil columns. These are found by an optimization procedure which adjusts the parameters of K(θ) and SWCC. In addition, the resulting SWCC from the model was used to evaluate the K(θ) for the Gardner equation. Results: Values of saturated hydraulic conductivity Ksat for the van Genuchten equations were lower than those based on the Gardner equation. The Ksat values of dense soil were nearly overall lower than loose soil. Conclusion: Good agreement (R2 value) was obtained in the SWCC and Ksat values from the experiment and those calculated from the van Genuchten and Gardner equations this suggests that the simplified method provides a useful means of determining unsaturated flow parameters.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 6, 2011, 635-643


Submitted On: 8 November 2007 Published On: 13 June 2011

How to Cite: Jitrapinate, N., Sriboonlue, V., Srisuk, K. & Hormdee, D. (2011). Simplified Procedure for Unsaturated Flow Parameters. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(6), 635-643.

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  • Capillary flow
  • hydraulic conductivity
  • Soil Water Characteristic Curve (SWCC)
  • soil compaction
  • saline soil
  • capillary fringe
  • hydraulic properties
  • volumetric moisture
  • tensiometer measurement
  • sandy loam