Research Article Open Access

The Accuracy of Multiples

Stauropoulos Antonios1, Samaras Ioannis1 and Arsenos Panagiotis2
  • 1 Department of Applied Informatics, University of Macedonia, 156 Egnatia Str, P.O Box 1591 540 06, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 2 Department of Business Administration, TEI of Ionian, Iceland


Problem statement: Equity valuation with the use of multiples is widely used by academics and practitioners concerning its functionality. This study aims to explore the sensitivity of three multiples in terms of accuracy. Approach: Price-to-Sales (P/S) multiple, the price-to-book value of equity (P/B) multiple and the Price-to-Earnings (P/E) multiple are three multiples under consideration, using both current and one-year-ahead earnings forecasts. Results: Evidence of empirical results show that, the multiples P/mdfy1 and P/mnfy1 are effective in terms of accuracy, with their means being negatively biased and their medians being positively biased. Finally, current earnings are identified as more appropriate value driver for the calculation of the P/E ratio by terms of accuracy. The results can be considered as reliable owing to the large sample and the procedure followed for its selection. Conclusion: This study offers a better understanding of the valuation approach through the use of multiples, in order analysts assumption to be more carefully and properly chosen and their results to be more accurately produced.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 8, 2011, 816-821


Submitted On: 28 June 2011 Published On: 19 July 2011

How to Cite: Antonios, S., Ioannis, S. & Panagiotis, A. (2011). The Accuracy of Multiples. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(8), 816-821.

  • 1 Citations



  • Equity valuation
  • multiples under accuracy
  • value relevance
  • Residual Income Valuation Model (RIVM)
  • accounting numbers
  • Price-To-Cash from Operations (P/CFO)
  • comparable firms
  • sample selection