Research Article Open Access

Simplified Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Motors for Sensorless Operation

E. Kaliappan1 and C. Chellamuthu1
  • 1 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, RMK Engineering College, Kavaraipettai, Chennai-601206, India

Abstract

Problem statement: In this study, a simplified modeling and experimental analysis of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC (PMBLDC) motors for Sensorless operation using MATLAB/SIMULINK. This model provides a mechanism for monitoring and controlling the voltage, current, speed and torque response. Approach: BLDC motor is modeled as sub-blocks. The inverter and switching function are implemented as S-function builder block. The Sensorless scheme employs direct back emf based zero crossing detection technique. Results: The proposed model with Sensorless control technique with back emf zero crossing detection is tested in the BLDC Motor and the performance was evaluated. The simulated and experimental results show that the proposed modeling works quite well during starting and running conditions. Conclusion/Recommendation: The developed model consists of several independent sub-blocks, that can be used in the modeling of Permanent Magnet Sinusoidal Motor and induction motor. Hence the developed simulation model is a design tool to study the dynamic behavior of Sensorless Controlled Brushless DC Motor.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 7, 2012, 1046-1054

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1046.1054

Submitted On: 4 January 2012 Published On: 16 May 2012

How to Cite: Kaliappan, E. & Chellamuthu, C. (2012). Simplified Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Motors for Sensorless Operation. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(7), 1046-1054. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1046.1054

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Keywords

  • PMBLDC motor
  • simplified modeling
  • sensorless scheme operation
  • back emf zeroes cross Zero Cross Point (ZCP)
  • Voltage Source Inverters (VSI)