Research Article Open Access

Pitch Analysis of Ukulele

Suphattharachai Chomphan1
  • 1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Si Racha, Kasetsart University, 199 M.6, Tungsukhla, Si Racha, Chonburi, 20230, Thailand

Abstract

Problem statement: The ukulele is a trendy instrument in the present day. It is a member of the guitar family of instruments which employs four nylon or gut strings or four courses of strings. However, a statistical analysis of the pitch of this instrument has not been conducted. To analysis pitch or fundamental frequency of its main cords should be performed in an appropriate way. This study brings about its effective sound synthesis which is an important issue in the future. Approach: An efficient technique for the analysis of the fundamental frequency (F0) of the human speech had been applied to the analysis of main cords of the ukulele. The autocorrelation-based technique was used with the signal waveform to extract the optimal period or pitch for the corresponding analyzed frame in time domain. Then the corresponding fundamental frequency was calculated in the frequency domain. Results: The 21 main cords were chosen in the study. It had been seen that the existing fundamental frequency values were varied from one to three values. The value was ranging from 65.42 Hz-329.93 Hz. Conclusion: By using the analysis technique of fundamental frequency of the human speech, the output frequencies of all main cords can be extracted. It can be empirically seen that they have their unique values from each others.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 8, 2012, 1219-1224

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1219.1224

Submitted On: 15 April 2012 Published On: 27 June 2012

How to Cite: Chomphan, S. (2012). Pitch Analysis of Ukulele. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 9(8), 1219-1224. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1219.1224

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Keywords

  • Ukulele
  • pitch analysis
  • fundamental frequency
  • analysis of fundamental frequency
  • autocorrelation-based technique