Research Article Open Access

Robust Electronic Differential Controller for an Electric Vehicle

A. Ravi1 and Sankaran Palani1
  • 1 , India


This study presents an efficient and robust control scheme of electronic differential system for an electric vehicle. The proposed system consists of two Brushless DC motors (BLDC) that ensure the drive of the two back driving wheels of an electric vehicle. Electronic Differential Controller (EDC) ensures the maximum torque and it can control both the driving wheel independently to turn at different speeds in any curve and also distribute the power to each motor according to the steering angle. EDC is designed to facilitate experimentation with an electric vehicle using the PIC 16F877A. The BLDC motor has been controlled by the method of back EMF zero crossing detection. The effectiveness and substantiation of the proposed methods are ascertained in the MATLAB/Simulink environment and also experimentally validated. The experimental results give satisfactory performance with the proposed electronic control scheme which also ensures the stability of the vehicle in all road conditions.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 11, 2013, 1356-1362


Submitted On: 24 June 2013 Published On: 10 September 2013

How to Cite: Ravi, A. & Palani, S. (2013). Robust Electronic Differential Controller for an Electric Vehicle. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(11), 1356-1362.

  • 9 Citations



  • Back EMF Zero Crossing Detection
  • BLDC
  • Electric Vehicle
  • Electronic Differential
  • Steering Angle