Risk Analysis in Handling and Storage of Petroleum Products
- 1 Department Ingegneria Chimica Materiali Ambiente, Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Sapienza University di Roma, Rome, Italy
Increase in productivity and technological system innovation have resulted a boost in the specific activity of use and handling petroleum Products the chemical and physical properties of petroleum products represent an advantage when they are used for its own uses, but may result in accidental scenarios which can cause serious damage to people and to environment. The quantitative risk analysis applied to gasoline storage plant is a tool to quantify the damage and to planning safety of exposed workers and people in surrounding area. Therefore this represents an effective means for emergency planning. Defined the vulnerability of the potential damage area through the characterization of known exposure levels, is possible to assess the individual risk indicators which depends on these exposure levels and the hazard scenarios evolution. The evaluations are used to verify that, for the emergency management purposes and safety design, it is partial to consider only the accidental events with high probability of occurrence but is exhaustive to use a quantitative probabilistic risk indicator (Expected Value of Damage). Through simulation of generated danger flow, consistent with the operating conditions of the plant, the compliance conditions in the early step of emergency management and the practical procedures for the implementation of the identified hazard scenarios have been laid down. These assessments check, as strategic goals, that the collection areas are not affected by the danger flow.
Copyright: © 2013 Guarascio Massimo, Lombardi Mara and Massi Federica. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA)
- Incidental Scenarios
- Damage Indicators
- Risk Assessment