Research Article Open Access

COMPUTER AIDED SEGMENTATION OF BRAIN TISSUES USING SOFT COMPUTING TECHNIQUES

D. Ramkumar1, I. Jacob Raglend2 and K. Batri3
  • 1 Department of ECE, Theni Kammavar Sangam College of Technology, Theni, India
  • 2 Department of EEE, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Nagercoil, India
  • 3 Department of ECE, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul, India

Abstract

In this study, an efficient computer aided classification of brain tissue in to Gray Matter (GM), White Matter (WM) and Cerebro-Spinal Fluid (CSF) is proposed. The proposed work consists of the following sub blocks like denosing, feature extraction and Classifier. This initial partition is performed by ANFIS after extracting the textural features like local binary pattern and histogram features. The main motivation behind this research work is to classify the brain tissue. By comparing the proposed method with other conventional methods, it is clear that our algorithm can estimate the correct tissues WM, GM and CSF much more accurately than the existing algorithms with respect to ground truth image patterns. We achieved an accuracy rate of 98.9% for Gray matter segmentation, 94.1% for White matter segmentation and 90.8% for CSF segmentation.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 6, 2014, 1016-1024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1016.1024

Submitted On: 30 January 2014 Published On: 17 April 2014

How to Cite: Ramkumar, D., Raglend, I. J. & Batri, K. (2014). COMPUTER AIDED SEGMENTATION OF BRAIN TISSUES USING SOFT COMPUTING TECHNIQUES. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(6), 1016-1024. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1016.1024

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Keywords

  • Brain MRI
  • ANFIS
  • Curvelet
  • Medical Diagnostic Imaging
  • Medical Image Compression