DIELECTRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF LIQUID CONTAINING LOW ALCOHOLIC CONTENT FOR POTENTIAL HALAL AUTHENTICATION IN THE 0.5-50 GHz RANGE
- 1 Institute of Technology and Advanced Materials (ITMA), Malaysia
- 2 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Malaysia
- 3 Halal Product Research Institute (HPRI), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
A potential method for detection and discrimination of alcoholic containing drinks for halal authentication using dielectric properties has been investigated. Behaviors of several pure alcohols, alcohol solution in water and also liquids with alcoholic contents were studied for verification purpose. Dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor for low concentration of ethanol solutions were measured over the microwave frequency from 0.5 to 50 GHz. The measurements were extended to several commercial alcoholic beverages. The results showed that dielectric properties manage to discriminate alcohol content until the lowest concentration studied of 0.5% in water mixture at frequency range of 10-25 GHz. Beyond this limit, solution is considered as alcoholic drinks.
Copyright: © 2014 Zurina Zainal Abidin, Fatin Nordalila Omar, Pavithiran Yogarajah, Dayang Radiah Awang Biak and Yaakob Bin Che Man. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Halal Authentication