Research Article Open Access

SIGNED GRAPH APPROACH IN ADAPTIVE TRANSMISSION POWER TO ENHANCE THE LIFETIME OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A. Babu Karuppiah1 and S. Rajaram2
  • 1 Department of ECE, Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, Madurai, India
  • 2 Department of ECE, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, India

Abstract

A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) comprises a collection of sensor nodes networked for applications like surveillance, battlefield, monitoring of habitat. Nodes in a WSN are usually highly energy-constrained and expected to operate for long periods from limited on-board energy reserves. When a node transmits data to a destination node the data is overheard by the nodes that are in the coverage range of the transmitting node or the forwarding node. Due to this, the individual nodes might waste their energy in sensing data that are not destined to it and as a result the drain in the energy of the node is more resulting in much reduced network life time. As power is a limiting factor in a WSN, the major challenge in deploying a WSN is to enhance the network life time. So, it becomes inevitable to devise an efficient method of conserving the power. In this study, a novel algorithm, Signed Graph based Adaptive Transmission Power (SGATP) is developed to avoid redundancy in sensing the data thereby enhancing the life time of the network. The concept of adapting the transmission power based on the distance of the next neighbor is proposed while a node communicates with the Cluster Head during Intrusion Detection. The simulation results show that the average network life time is greatly improvised by 96.8% when the proposed method is adopted.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 8, 2014, 1292-1300

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1292.1300

Submitted On: 19 February 2014 Published On: 13 May 2014

How to Cite: Karuppiah, A. B. & Rajaram, S. (2014). SIGNED GRAPH APPROACH IN ADAPTIVE TRANSMISSION POWER TO ENHANCE THE LIFETIME OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(8), 1292-1300. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1292.1300

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Keywords

  • Wireless Sensor Networks
  • Adaptive Transmission Power
  • Network Life Time
  • Signed Graph Theory
  • Power Consumption