Research Article Open Access


Ibragimov Abdulla1, Fatimah Mohamed Arshad1, B. K. Bala1, Kusairi Mohd Noh1 and Muhammad Tasrif2
  • 1 Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Environmental Science, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia


In January 2013, Malaysia reduced the export duty structure to be in line with the Indonesia’s duty structure. Both countries export crude and processed palm oil. Since Malaysia and Indonesia are close competitors and they compete in the same market, a change in export duty rate in one country will affect the other. Indonesia, as the world’s biggest palm oil producer, has drastically widened the values between the crude palm oil and refined palm oil export taxes since October 2011, to encourage more downstream investments and production of refined palm oil products. Under the revised export duty structure, crude palm oil and crude palm kernel oil are cheaper for downstream activities in Indonesia. The new structure is expected to reduce Malaysia’s competitiveness in the world market as its export duty is relatively higher. A high export duty results in high price of crude palm oil which is the raw material for processed palm oil. The research questions are: (i) What are the likely future trends of crude palm oil exports under the new crude palm oil export duties? Will it increase, reduce or stabilize? (ii) What are the likely future trends of processed palm oil exports? Will it increase exponentially, stabilize or reduce? To answer these questions, a system dynamics model was developed for the Malaysian palm oil. Application of the system dynamics model provides a framework to understand the feedback structure and how changes in variables impact the behavior of the palm oil industry. This research suggests that with low crude palm oil export duties crude palm oil domestic price, profitability of plantation owners, immature crop, mature crop, total planted area, production and exports of crude palm oil increase, however exports of processed palm oil decrease.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 8, 2014, 1301-1309


Submitted On: 10 February 2014 Published On: 14 May 2014

How to Cite: Abdulla, I., Arshad, F. M., Bala, B. K., Noh, K. M. & Tasrif, M. (2014). IMPACT OF CPO EXPORT DUTIES ON MALAYSIAN PALM OIL INDUSTRY. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(8), 1301-1309.

  • 3 Citations



  • System Dynamics
  • Crude Palm Oil Export Duty
  • Palm Oil Exports