Research Article Open Access

BIODEGRADABILITY AND MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF SUGAR PALM STARCH BASED BIOPOLYMER

J. Sahari1, S. M. Sapuan2, E. S. Zainudin3 and M. A. Maleque4
  • 1 Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • 2 Aerospace Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 3 School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge Middlesex UB8 3PH , United Kingdom
  • 4 Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

A new Sugar Palm Starch (SPS) based biopolymer was successfully developed using glycerol as plasticizer. The effect of glycerol concentration (viz., 15, 20, 30 and 40 by weight percent) to the mechanical properties of plasticized SPS biopolymer was investigated. From this investigation, it was found that the 30% glycerol concentrated biopolymer showed the highest flexural strength and impact with the value of 0.13 MPa and 6.13 kJ/m2 respectively. Later, the above 30% glycerol biopolymer was undergone through weathering and biodegradation test. The biodegradability test showed 78.09% of tensile strength lost after 72 h of weathering testing period. Meanwhile, the weight loss (%) of the same biopolymer was 63.58% after 72 h of biodegradation test.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 10, 2014, 1836-1840

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1836.1840

Submitted On: 21 October 2014 Published On: 10 November 2014

How to Cite: Sahari, J., Sapuan, S. M., Zainudin, E. S. & Maleque, M. A. (2014). BIODEGRADABILITY AND MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF SUGAR PALM STARCH BASED BIOPOLYMER. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(10), 1836-1840. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.1836.1840

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Keywords

  • Biopolymer
  • Sugar Palm Starch
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Biodegradable
  • Bioresin