A HIGH B1 FIELD HOMOGENEITY GENERATION USING FREE ELEMENT ELLIPTICAL FOUR-COIL SYSTEM
- 1 Department of EE, College of Engineering, Al Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), P O Box 5701 Riyadh 11432, Saudi Arabia
Design and testing of a prototype probe with high B1 magnetic field homogeneity that can be used for MRI is presented. It consists of four coaxial separately tuned rings of wire in a symmetric arrangement on an ellipsoidal surface. Compared to Helmholtz pair, which presents 2nd-order homogeneity, an improvement in field homogeneity is achieved, while preserving the simplicity of implementation. The proposed probe has an identical self-resonance frequency for all coils to allow easy tuning. The position and diameter of each ring are optimized so that the assembly produces a 6th-order homogeneous field. A complete electrical model of the four-coil system taking into account all coupling effects permits to determine the resonance frequency in the co-current mode and consequently to predict the value of the tuning capacitors. Resulted field homogeneity of the proposed four-coils are compared to that of Helmholtz coil which shows an improvement of 58% in field homogeneity profile when considering 10% profile uniformity width. Moreover, compared to the homologous Helmholtz coil, the proposed four-coil prototype possesses a better quality factor and therefore leads to an improved Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) sensitivity.
Copyright: © 2014 Sidi M. Ahmed Ghaly and Sulaiman S. Al-Sowayan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Magnetic Flux Density
- Field Homogeneity
- Helmholtz Coil