Research Article Open Access

AN INTELLIGENT VERTICAL HANDOVER DECISION ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS HETEROGENEOUS NETWORKS

V. Anantha Narayanan1, A. Rajeswari2 and V. Sureshkumar1
  • 1 Department of CSE, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore, India
  • 2 Department of ECE, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India

Abstract

The Next Generation Wireless Networks (NGWN) should be compatible with other communication technologies to offer the best connectivity to the mobile terminal which can access any IP based services at any time from any network without the knowledge of its user. It requires an intelligent vertical handover decision making algorithm to migrate between technologies that enable seamless mobility, always best connection and minimal terminal power consumption. Currently existing decision engines are simple, proprietary and its handover is only based on the received signal strength which has been proven unintelligent. The proposed decision algorithm gains intelligence by combining fuzzy logic system to handle imprecise data, multiple attribute decision making to handle multiple attributes for decision making and context aware strategies to reduce unnecessary handover. The proposed intelligent decision algorithm detects new network which offers best connectivity than current network and does authentication and mobile IP registration before making the handover; thereby reducing the packet loss to ensure high quality of service. This algorithm is capable of forwarding data packets to appropriate attachment point to maximize battery lifetime and also to maintain load balancing. The performance analysis shows that the proposed algorithm efficiently uses the network resources by switching between 3G and Wi-Fi under the different RF environmental conditions to offer best connectivity with minimal service cost to the users. It is observed that average handover delay for the experiment is 30-40ms and the integration of cellular network with WLAN using the proposed intelligent decision algorithm reduces the call dropping rate (<0.006) and call blocking probability (<0.00607) as well as unnecessary handover in heterogeneous networks.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 5, 2014, 732-739

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.732.739

Submitted On: 13 December 2013 Published On: 13 February 2014

How to Cite: Narayanan, V. A., Rajeswari, A. & Sureshkumar, V. (2014). AN INTELLIGENT VERTICAL HANDOVER DECISION ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS HETEROGENEOUS NETWORKS. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(5), 732-739. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2014.732.739

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Keywords

  • Vertical Handover
  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Multiple Attribute Decision Making
  • Context Awareness
  • Make before Break