Research Article Open Access

Dynamical System of Flat Electroencephalography

Tan Lit Ken1, Tahir bin Ahmad2, Mohd Sham bin Mohamad3 and Su Kong Ngien4
  • 1 Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Frontier Materials Research Alliance, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM KL, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Mathematical Science and Ibnusina Institute, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor Darul Takzim, Malaysia
  • 3 Science Programme, Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
  • 4 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth Resources, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang Kuantan, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia


Flat EEG is a way of viewing electroencephalography signals on the real plane. The wealth of information contained within makes it a great platform to study epileptic seizure. In this study, the time embedment nature of Flat EEG is exploited to establish a dynamic Flat EEG model. Basically, a geometrical representation which displays the important information visually for Flat EEG at any time will firstly be formulated, followed by the representation of a Flat EEG signal as a trajectory in state space. Based on these, the modeling of Flat EEG as a dynamical system using the notion of flow is presented. This dynamic model would serve as the groundwork for the indisputably essential dynamic justification of Flat EEG in future research.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 12 No. 7, 2015, 495-505


Submitted On: 16 April 2015 Published On: 21 August 2015

How to Cite: Ken, T. L., Ahmad, T. B., Mohamad, M. S. B. & Ngien, S. K. (2015). Dynamical System of Flat Electroencephalography. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 12(7), 495-505.

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  • Flat EEG
  • Dynamic
  • Trajectory
  • State Space
  • Modelling