Review Article Open Access

A Review of the Importance of Physical Fitness to Company Performance and Productivity

Maryam Etemadi1, Kamyar Shameli1, Norihan Abu Hassan2, Zuriati Zakaria1, Nurul Bahiyah Binti Ahmad Khairudin1 and Hirofumi Hara1
  • 1 Malaysian-Japan International Institute and Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • 2 Perdana School of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Semarak, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


The purpose of this study is to illustrate and investigate the importance of physical fitness to company performance and productivity, by comparing previous researches on this area. This study focuses on the importance of physical fitness and its effect on employee health, performance and productivity in organizations. The number of health promotion programs in workplace settings has continued to grow. Although employers' rationales vary, health promotion programs may yield economic benefits such as reduced absenteeism, presentism, employee health care costs and employee turnover. The data for the study is collected from various sources namely articles from 1969 to 1999 and 2000 to 2015. The methodology adopted is qualitative and the findings are based on reliable data with respect to the economic impact of worksite physical fitness activity programs. Most, if not all, researches in this field have been performed in developed and high-income countries. This research recommends improvements and further studies on physical fitness on company performance and offers some suggestions for further research.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 11, 2016, 1104-1118


Submitted On: 11 December 2015 Published On: 2 November 2016

How to Cite: Etemadi, M., Shameli, K., Hassan, N. A., Zakaria, Z., Khairudin, N. B. B. A. & Hara, H. (2016). A Review of the Importance of Physical Fitness to Company Performance and Productivity. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 13(11), 1104-1118.

  • 25 Citations



  • Physical Fitness
  • Company Performance
  • Productivity
  • Employee
  • Exercise