Research Article Open Access

Comparative Study on Energy Efficient in Traveling Wave Pulse Coupled Oscillator for Wireless Sensor Networks

Zeyad Ghaleb Al-Mekhlafi1, Zurina Mohd Hanapi1, Mohamed Othman1 and Zuriati Ahmad Zukarnain1
  • 1 Department of Communication Technology and Network, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Ptura Malaysia, UPM 43300, Serdang, Malaysia


WSNs are unable to afford simultaneous transmission and reception of data and for most scenarios, the battery replacement is impossible upon the exhaustion of a node's battery energy. Thus, energy efficient protocols constitute vital design requirements for the WSN as a whole in order to increase the lifetime and ensure successful transmission of data from sensor node source to target, it becomes necessary to maintain sensor node's availability. Traveling Wave Pulse Coupled Oscillator (TWPCO) has proven to be robust, efficient and resistant to counteract deafness under various WSN including analytical models. However the extent to which energy efficient is consumed in sensor nodes, which deploys TWPCO as its self-organization has never been mentioned. To overcome this limitation, we performed a comparative study on energy efficient in TWPCO for WSNs. Using self-organizing scheme energy efficient WSNs by adopting a traveling wave biologically inspired network systems based on phase locking of Pulse Coupled Oscillator (PCO) model regards sensor nodes as observed in the flashing synchronization behaviors of fireflies and secretion of radio signals as firing. The simulation work was done using Java programming language. Energy efficiency in the random variant of both schemes (TWPCO and PCO) was also observed to be higher than the priority variant of the schemes.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 11, 2016, 1235-1244


Submitted On: 29 September 2016 Published On: 21 November 2016

How to Cite: Al-Mekhlafi, Z. G., Hanapi, Z. M., Othman, M. & Zukarnain, Z. A. (2016). Comparative Study on Energy Efficient in Traveling Wave Pulse Coupled Oscillator for Wireless Sensor Networks. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 13(11), 1235-1244.

  • 3 Citations



  • WSN
  • PCO
  • Energy Efficient