Research Article Open Access

Rice Starch as Coating Materials for Microencapsulation of Gamma Oryzanol to Improve its Stability

Anuchita Moongngarm1, Jeerasupa Amornpan1, Amaraphon Homduang1, Cai Haoteng2 and Ana Jelekovac3
  • 1 Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Faculty of Technology, Research Unit of Nutrition and Health, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand
  • 2 Faculty of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, China
  • 3 Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Abstract

Gamma Oryzanol (GO) is a phytochemical with the ability to prevent oxidation. GO is normally degraded through oxidation by oxygen and sunlight. Microencapsulation is an important technique used to retard oxidation. This study compared rice starch and Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) as coating materials and investigated the stability of encapsulated GO during storage under activated oxidation conditions. The GO was encapsulated using native rice starch, pregelatinized rice starch, WPI and pregelatinized rice starch combined with WPI (ratio 1:1). The GO concentration, Peroxide Value (PV) and Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substance (TBARS) were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the different wall materials. GO encapsulated with pregelatinized rice starch combined with WPI had the greatest stability with the highest GO content (164.54 mg g-1 sample) remaining after 28 days’ storage and lowest PV and TBARS values. The result indicated that pregelatinized rice starch used either with or without WPI can be applied as wall material to protect GO from oxidation and improve its stability.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 8, 2016, 900-906

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2016.900.906

Submitted On: 30 June 2016 Published On: 27 August 2016

How to Cite: Moongngarm, A., Amornpan, J., Homduang, A., Haoteng, C. & Jelekovac, A. (2016). Rice Starch as Coating Materials for Microencapsulation of Gamma Oryzanol to Improve its Stability. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 13(8), 900-906. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2016.900.906

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Keywords

  • Gamma Oryzanol
  • Microencapsulation
  • Rice Starch
  • Spray Drying