Research Article Open Access

Synthesis of Optimal Incoherent Subcarrier Tracking of BOC(1,1) Navigation Signals

Alexandr Ivanovich Perov1
  • 1 National Research University, “Moscow Power Engineering Institute”, Moscow, Russia

Abstract

Navigation receivers of global positioning systems that are operated in complex electromagnetic environment must have an increased noise immunity characteristic. One way of such noise immunity rising is to use incoherent operating mode of navigation receiver. There are known processing algorithms for navigation signals with Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) modulation. But in the near-term outlook Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GLONASS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Galileo known navigation signals with Binary Offset Carrier (BOC) modulation will be radiated. Processing algorithms for such signals are not described in scientific literature. So it is interesting to work out processing algorithms for BOC modulated signals in incoherent operating mode of navigation receiver. The article is devoted to synthesis and analysis of incoherent subcarrier tracking system under receiving BOC (1,1) navigation signals. To synthesize an optimal tracking system, optimal estimation theory and dual estimation method are used that allow taking into account multi-peak a posteriori distribution of delay that caused by the periodic process (digital sinusoid) in the radio signal modulation function. When analyzing the synthesized estimation algorithm, the procedure for describing delay discriminators and dual variable discriminators were used in the form of a statistical equivalent, including discrimination and fluctuation characteristics. New equations have been obtained that describe optimal tracking system for incoherent mode of a navigation receiver. New expressions for delay and dual variable discriminators are derived. The article gives a scheme for these discriminators and formulas for their statistical characteristics. Simulated results are provided that illustrate accuracy characteristics enhancement. The obtained tracking algorithms may be used in the navigation consumer equipment of GLONASS, GPS, Galileo and other radio-navigation satellite systems operating with BOC(1.1) modulated signals.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 9, 2016, 984-995

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2016.984.995

Submitted On: 22 June 2016 Published On: 26 September 2016

How to Cite: Perov, A. I. (2016). Synthesis of Optimal Incoherent Subcarrier Tracking of BOC(1,1) Navigation Signals. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 13(9), 984-995. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2016.984.995

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Keywords

  • Radio-Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Incoherent Mode
  • Optimal Filtering
  • Navigation Receiver
  • BOC Modulation