The Rainfall Factor of Climate Change Effects on the Agricultural Environment: A Review
- 1 Department of Civil and Chemical Engineering, University of South Africa, Florida Campus, South Africa
The study of the climatic elements is vital for sustainable development of agriculture of a region. Particularly, rainfall temporal analyses for trends, fluctuations and periodicities are necessary as such can indirectly furnish the status of an environment. A trend may be quite instructive for different segments of the human and natural systems. Extreme weather events that can lead to events such as drought, prolonged heat spell and flooding while these can be accessed through the statistical analysis of a region’s temporal rainfall regime. The global concern on the apparent deterioration in all of the earth’s natural systems, particularly the climate sub-system and global warming with climate change pandemic renders credence to trend and periodicity analyses of climatic elements. This paper therefore did a review of studies of cases of climate change effects on the agricultural environment with emphasis on rainfall, as an important factor.
Copyright: © 2017 Olumuyiwa Idowu Ojo and Masengo Francois Ilunga. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Climate Change
- Rainfall Factor