Research Article Open Access

Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Profile at Different Calcination Conditions for Synthesis of PTES-SBA-15

Norhasyimi Rahmat1, Nurjihan Sadon1 and Muhammad Abeed Yusof1
  • 1 Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia


The aim of this work is to study the effects of calcination condition on the properties of mesoporous silica, SBA-15 modified with phenyl group of organosilane. Functional group SBA-15 were synthesized and hydrothermally aged. The surfactant template was conventionally removed by calcination at varied temperature and duration. Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) was employed to characterize the pure and modified SBA-15. The TGA profile presented here would include modified SBA-15 functionalized using two different methods, direct-synthesis and post-grafting. The characterization profile from TGA showed that the temperature of calcination has large influence in determining the effectiveness of surfactant removal and incorporation of alkoxysilane into pure silica whether by post-grafting or direct synthesis method. However, the duration of calcination does not significantly affect these characteristics. Besides, mesoporous structure of SBA-15 by post-grafting method shows higher degree of functionalization than that of direct-synthesis.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 14 No. 10, 2017, 938-944


Submitted On: 11 October 2015 Published On: 7 April 2017

How to Cite: Rahmat, N., Sadon, N. & Yusof, M. A. (2017). Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) Profile at Different Calcination Conditions for Synthesis of PTES-SBA-15. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(10), 938-944.

  • 15 Citations



  • Calcination
  • Direct-Synthesis
  • Post-Grafting
  • Phenyltriethoxysilane
  • SBA-15
  • Thermogravimetric Analysis