Research Article Open Access

Chronological Age and Dental Age Using Demirjian in Down Syndrome Children

Azrra M. Nawawi1, Meirina Gartika1 and Willyanti Soewondo1
  • 1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia


Down syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) characterized by an extra chromosome 21. People with Down syndrome have impairement in mental and physical development, including delayed dental development. Dental age is stage of development of teeth measured by maturation stage of teeth. This study aims to determine or asses the growth or maturation of permanent teeth in children with Down syndrome. This research was a cross-sectional analysis. Analysis test using paired t-test to compare the average of chronological age to dental age, also unpaired t-test for comparing the dental age of children with Down syndrome to normal based on chronological age. The result showed that there was significant difference between chronological age and dental age in children with Down syndrome (p-value <0,05). Thus, there was the difference of dental age between children with Down syndrome and normal but not significant (p-value >0,05). The conclusion of this study showed that dental age more late than chronological age in children with Down syndrome. In spite dental age in Down syndrome children is descriptively later than in normal.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 15 No. 3, 2018, 182-185


Submitted On: 8 January 2018 Published On: 7 March 2018

How to Cite: Nawawi, A. M., Gartika, M. & Soewondo, W. (2018). Chronological Age and Dental Age Using Demirjian in Down Syndrome Children. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 15(3), 182-185.

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  • Syndrome Down
  • Dental Age
  • Chronological Age
  • Demirjian