Review Article Open Access

Microwave-Sensitive Reactors to the Rescue: From Microwave-Assisted Chemistry to Environmental Applications

Gjergji Shore1, Dhimitri Gusho2, Hassan Hassan2 and Eugenia Gjuraj2
  • 1 Mikroen Solutions Inc, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
  • 2 Humber School of Applied Technology, 205 Humber College Blvd, Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada

Abstract

The idea of using microwave sensitive reactors is relatively new in chemistry and environmental areas. Applications in both areas might be different but the effects can be amazing. Flow through reactors coated with thin metallic films using a variety of deposition techniques have been used as vessels to conduct reactions in flow under microwave irradiation. The metal coating not only did not provide any impediment to the process, it served a two-fold purpose. Metallic coatings acted as catalysts for the flow through processes; in addition the flowed reactions were tremendously accelerated due to unusually high temperatures generated within reactors because of coupling of microwaves to metal films. The methodology of developing microwave active reactors has been successfully extended to environmental applications, transcending chemistry, such as distillation of saline/brackish waters for the purpose of generating potable water. The experimental distillation device described here as a proof of concept, will lay a foundation for a high throughput water sanitizing process, delivering potable water to large groups of people.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 15 No. 5, 2018, 278-305

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2018.278.305

Submitted On: 15 January 2018 Published On: 23 May 2018

How to Cite: Shore, G., Gusho, D., Hassan, H. & Gjuraj, E. (2018). Microwave-Sensitive Reactors to the Rescue: From Microwave-Assisted Chemistry to Environmental Applications. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 15(5), 278-305. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2018.278.305

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Keywords

  • Microwave Chemistry
  • Flow Processes
  • Metals in Microwave
  • Microwave Assisted Water Decontamination