Research Article Open Access

Controlled Release Behaviors of Tribenuron Methyl Herbicide and Potassium Nitrate Fertilizer from Natural Polymer Blended Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Hydrogel Microspheres

Fawzi Habeeb Jabrail1, Wajeeh Mohammed Jamil1, Maher Zeki Elsabee2 and Kailash Chandra Gupta3
  • 1 Polymer Research Lab., Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Mosul, Iraq
  • 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247 667, India

Abstract

Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) hydrogel microspheres for controlled release of fertilizer (KNO3) and Tribenuron Methyl Herbicide (TBM) were prepared by blending the naturally occurring Alginate (AL) and Pectin (PE). The cross-linking in PVA hydrogel microspheres was carried out by varying the amount of glutaraldehyde from 0.5-1.0 wt%. To control the loading and release properties of PVA hydrogel microspheres, a small amount of NaCl (0.2 wt%) was also added in formulation of microspheres. The blending of PE and AL in PVA hydrogel microspheres was confirmed with FT-IR spectra and by increased thermal stability PVA hydrogel as determined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetric (TGA) analysis. The PVA hydrogel microspheres were characterized for degree of swelling and for loading and cumulative release of fertilizer (KNO3) and herbicide (TBM), which were carried out in solutions of different pH and at different temperatures. The Scanning Electron Micrographs (SEM) of PVA hydrogel microspheres were recorded before and after the release of loaded agrochemicals and used to confirm the shape and homogeneous blending of PE/AL in PVA hydrogels. The enhanced brittle morphology form SEM images of PVA hydrogel microspheres after the release of loaded agrochemicals has suggested the controlled release of agrochemicals through a mechanism of degradation of polymer chains. Thus natural polymer blended PVA hydrogel microspheres are found to be a potential candidate for the formulation of controlled release systems for the application of agrochemicals in soils and to overcome the environmental problem, which usually encountered on applications of fertilizers and herbicides in agricultural fields by conventional methods.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 16 No. 5, 2019, 162-181

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2019.162.181

Submitted On: 11 February 2019 Published On: 13 July 2019

How to Cite: Jabrail, F. H., Jamil, W. M., Elsabee, M. Z. & Gupta, K. C. (2019). Controlled Release Behaviors of Tribenuron Methyl Herbicide and Potassium Nitrate Fertilizer from Natural Polymer Blended Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Hydrogel Microspheres. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 16(5), 162-181. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2019.162.181

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Keywords

  • Agrochemicals
  • Controlled Release
  • Polyvinyl Alcohol
  • Hydrogels
  • Pectin and Alginate