Research Article Open Access

Wettability and Interfacial Tension Alteration of Rare-Earth Doped Yttrium Iron Garnet under Influence of Electromagnetic Waves

Lau Zhen Yin1, Lee Kean Chuan1, Beh Hoe Guan1, Hassan Soleimani1 and Martin Weis2
  • 1 Fundamental and Applied Sciences Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Malaysia
  • 2 Institute of Electronics and Photonics, Slovak University of Technology, Ilkovicova 3, 81219 Bratislava, Slovakia

Abstract

Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) doped with rare-earth elements have shown to alter the magnetic properties of garnet nanoparticles (NPs), which is believed to have direct influence on the wettability, interfacial tension and viscosity alteration of garnet nanofluids. In this study, Y2.8R0.2Fe5O12 (R = Lanthanum (La), Neodymium (Nd) and Samarium (Sm)) NPs were synthesized by using the sol gel auto-combustion method followed by annealing treatment at 1000°C for 3 hours. The Y2.8R0.2Fe5O12 nanoparticles synthesized had grain size ranging from 100 to 200nm with high crystallinity properties. X-ray Diffraction peaks showed varying shifting with the size of the rare-earth ions in the Y2.8R0.2Fe5O12 crystal system, suggesting that structural distortion is due to replacement of bigger ions. Sm-YIG exhibited the highest magnetization saturation among all samples, with the value of 23.54 emu/g. Wettability data of Y2.8R0.2Fe5O12 (RE-YIG) nanofluids showed that oil-wetting contact angle has an overall reduction under the influence of electromagnetic wave. Whereas the interfacial tension and viscosity data showed that doped garnet nanofluids has lower value than that of garnet nanofluids, but the magnitude of interfacial tension and viscosity value decreased with the rare-earth ionic size. Sm-YIG also has the highest interfacial tension across all samples, as the stronger magnetization saturation may contribute to higher surface tension exerted on the oil-nanofluid interface.

American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 16 No. 6, 2019, 192-199

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2019.192.199

Submitted On: 16 April 2019 Published On: 25 July 2019

How to Cite: Yin, L. Z., Chuan, L. K., Guan, B. H., Soleimani, H. & Weis, M. (2019). Wettability and Interfacial Tension Alteration of Rare-Earth Doped Yttrium Iron Garnet under Influence of Electromagnetic Waves. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 16(6), 192-199. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2019.192.199

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Keywords

  • Rare-Earth
  • Garnets
  • Nanoparticles
  • Wettability