Research Article Open Access

Adaptive Channel Equalization Using Multiplicative Neural Network for Rayleigh Faded Channel

P. Sivakumar, N. Chithra, S. N. Sivanandam and M. Rajaram


Problem statement: Digital transmission over band-limited communication channel largely suffers from ISIS and various noise sources. The presence of ISI and noise causes bit errors in the received signal. Equalization is necessary at the receiver to overcome these channel impairment to recover the original transmitted sequence. Traditionally equalization is considered as equivalent to inverse filtering and implemented using linear-perform under severe distortion conditions when Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) is poor. Equalization can be considered as a non-linear classification problem and optimum solution is given by Bayesian solution. Non-linear techniques like Artificial Neutral Networks (ANN) are very good choice for non-linear classification problems. Several non-lines are equalizers have been implemented using ANN which outperformed LTE and solved the problem of equalization to the varying degree of sources. Approach: Forward neural network architecture with optimum number of nodes was used to achieve adaptive channel equalization. Summation at each node was replaced by multiplications which result in powerful mapping. The equalizer was tested on Rayleigh fading channel with a BPSK signal. Results: Results showed that proposed equalizer provides simplified architecture and improvement in the bit error rate at various levels of signal to noise ratio for Rayleigh faded channel. Conclusion: A high order feed forward network equalizer with multiplicative neuron is proposed in this study. Use of Multiplication allows direct computing of polynomial inputs and approximation with fewer nodes. Performance comparison in terms of network architecture and BER performance suggest the better classification capability of the proposed MNN equalizer over RRBF.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 11, 2011, 1646-1651


Submitted On: 23 June 2011 Published On: 18 August 2011

How to Cite: Sivakumar, P., Chithra, N., Sivanandam, S. N. & Rajaram, M. (2011). Adaptive Channel Equalization Using Multiplicative Neural Network for Rayleigh Faded Channel. Journal of Computer Science, 7(11), 1646-1651.

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  • Channel equalization
  • Multiplicative Neural Network (MNN)
  • rayleigh fading
  • Pi Sigma- Networks (PSN)
  • polynomial inputs
  • digital communication
  • receiving filters
  • training sequence
  • Back Propagation (BP)