Research Article Open Access

PAPR Reduction Using BPSO/PTS and STBC in MIMO OFDM System

Karima El Mouhib, Ahmed Oquour, Younes Jabrane, Brahim Ait Es Said and Abdellah Ait Ouahman


Problem statement: The Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system has been receiving a great attention, as one of solutions for achieving high speed, efficient and high-quality service for the wireless communications. However, the transmitted signal still has high PAPR because of OFDM characteristics. Many methods have been proposed to solve this problem, but the most of them decrease high Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) as well as the data rate. Approach: This proposal described a new suboptimal technique for reduction of the PAPR by combining two suitable methods for MIMO OFDM systems. The first method was based on Boolean Particle Swarm intelligence Optimization (BPSO) applied to Partial transmit Sequence (PTS) and the second was the Space Time Bloc Coding (STBC). Result: Apply only the PTS technique and independently on each transmitted antenna, was effective to reduce PAPR, but it requires high computation complexity. Therefore, the BPSO/PTS technique provided better performance and it was been promoted as an uncomplicated way for PAPR reduction. Thanks of the BPSO/PTS algorithm; the transmitted sequence was selected with minimizing the maximum PAPR over all transmission antennas. The simulations and the BER performance demonstrated that more inertia weight and phase weighting factor obtained better PAPR reduction performance without bringing much higher complexity. Conclusion: Results show that the added BPSO/PTS method to orthogonal space time bloc coding minimizes computational complexity cost as well as the PAPR and gives best optimal PTS performance in comparison with the conventional methods.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 4, 2011, 454-458


Submitted On: 4 February 2011 Published On: 4 April 2011

How to Cite: El Mouhib, K., Oquour, A., Jabrane, Y., Said, B. A. E. & Ouahman, A. A. (2011). PAPR Reduction Using BPSO/PTS and STBC in MIMO OFDM System. Journal of Computer Science, 7(4), 454-458.

  • 3 Citations



  • Peak reduction
  • computational complexity minimized
  • Binary Error Rate (BER)
  • Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR)
  • Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WIMAX)
  • Power Amplifier (HPA)