Research Article Open Access

Fish Classification Based on Robust Features Extraction From Color Signature Using Back-Propagation Classifier

Mutasem Khalil Alsmadi, Khairuddin Bin Omar and Shahrul Azman Mohd Noah


Problem statement: Image recognition was a challenging problem researchers had been research into this area for so long especially in the recent years, due to distortion, noise, segmentation errors, overlap and occlusion of objects in digital images. In our study, there are many fields concern with pattern recognition, for example, fingerprint verification, face recognition, iris discrimination, chromosome shape discrimination, optical character recognition, texture discrimination and speech recognition, the subject of pattern recognition appears. A system for recognizing isolated pattern of interest may be as an approach for dealing with such application. Scientists and engineers with interests in image processing and pattern recognition have developed various approaches to deal with digital image recognition problems such as, neural network, contour matching and statistics. Approach: In this study, our aim was to recognize an isolated pattern of interest (fish) in the image based robust features extraction. Where depend on color signatures that are extracted by RGB color space, color histogram and gray level co-occurrence matrix. Results: We presented a system prototype for dealing with such problem. The system started by acquiring an image containing pattern of fish, then the image segmentation was performed relying on color signature. Our system has been applied on 20 different fish families, each family has a different number of fish types and our sample consists of distinct 610 of fish images. These images are divided into two datasets: 400 training images and 210 testing images. An overall accuracy was obtained using back-propagation classifier was 84% on the test dataset used. Conclusion: We developed a classifier for fish images recognition. We efficiently have chosen an image segmentation method to fit our demands. Our classifier successfully design and implement a decision which performed efficiently without any problems. Eventually, the classifier was able to categorize the given fish into its cluster and categorize the clustered fish into its poison or nonpoison fish and categorizes the poison and non-poison fish into its family.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 1, 2011, 52-58


Submitted On: 12 October 2010 Published On: 27 December 2010

How to Cite: Alsmadi, M. K., Omar, K. B. & Noah, S. A. M. (2011). Fish Classification Based on Robust Features Extraction From Color Signature Using Back-Propagation Classifier. Journal of Computer Science, 7(1), 52-58.

  • 45 Citations



  • Neural network
  • image segmentation
  • RGB color space
  • color histogram
  • image analysis
  • color signature
  • digital image recognition
  • poison and non-poison fish
  • Back-Propagation Classifier (BPC)
  • Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM)